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Meanwhile, the distinction between clothing and protective equipment is not always clear-cut, since clothes designed to be fashionable often have protective value and clothes designed for function often consider fashion in their design.
The choice of clothes also has social implications. They cover parts of the body that social norms require to be covered, act as a form of adornment, and serve other social purposes. Someone who lacks the means to procure reasonable clothing due to poverty or affordability, or simply lack of inclination, is sometimes said to be scruffy, ragged, or shabby. Although dissertations on clothing and its functions appear from the 19th century as colonists dealt with new environments,  there was concerted scientific research into psycho-social, physiological and other functions of clothing e.
In most cultures, gender differentiation of clothing is considered appropriate. The differences are in styles, colors, and fabrics. In Western societies, skirts , dresses and high-heeled shoes are usually seen as women's clothing, while neckties are usually seen as men's clothing.
Trousers were once seen as exclusively male clothing, but can nowadays be worn by both genders. Male clothes are often more practical that is, they can function well under a wide variety of situations , but a wider range of clothing styles are available for females. Males are typically allowed to bare their chests in a greater variety of public places.
It is generally more or less acceptable for a woman to wear clothing perceived as masculine, while the opposite is seen as unusual. In some cultures, sumptuary laws regulate what men and women are required to wear. Islam requires women to wear more modest forms of attire, usually hijab.
What qualifies as "modest" varies in different Muslim societies. However, women are usually required to cover more of their bodies than men are.
Articles of clothing Muslim women wear for modesty range from the head-scarf to the burqa. Men may sometimes choose to wear men's skirts such as togas or kilts in particular cultures, especially on ceremonial occasions. Such garments were in previous times often worn as normal daily clothing by men. Clothing designed to be worn by either sex is called unisex clothing.
Unisex clothes, such as T-shirts, tend to be cut straighter to fit a wider variety of bodies. The majority of unisex clothing styles have started out as menswear, but some articles, like the fedora , were originally worn by women. In some societies, clothing may be used to indicate rank or status. In ancient Rome , for example, only senators could wear garments dyed with Tyrian purple. In traditional Hawaiian society, only high-ranking chiefs could wear feather cloaks and palaoa, or carved whale teeth.
In China , before establishment of the republic , only the emperor could wear yellow. History provides many examples of elaborate sumptuary laws that regulated what people could wear.
In societies without such laws, which includes most modern societies, social status is instead signaled by the purchase of rare or luxury items that are limited by cost to those with wealth or status. In addition, peer pressure influences clothing choice. Some religious clothing might be considered a special case of occupational clothing.
Sometimes it is worn only during the performance of religious ceremonies. However, it may also be worn every day as a marker for special religious status. For example, Jains and Muslim men wear unstitched cloth pieces when performing religious ceremonies.
The unstitched cloth signifies unified and complete devotion to the task at hand, with no digression. The cleanliness of religious dresses in Eastern religions like Hinduism , Sikhism , Buddhism , Islam and Jainism is of paramount importance since it indicates purity. Clothing appears in numerous contexts in the Bible ; the most prominent passages are: Furthermore, the priests officiating in the Temple in Jerusalem had very specific garments, the lack of which made one liable to death.
The Quran says about husbands and wives, regarding clothing: Jewish ritual also requires rending of one's upper garment as a sign of mourning.
This practice is found in the Bible when Jacob hears of the apparent death of his son Joseph. According to archaeologists and anthropologists, the earliest clothing likely consisted of fur , leather , leaves, or grass that were draped, wrapped, or tied around the body. Knowledge of such clothing remains inferential, since clothing materials deteriorate quickly compared to stone, bone, shell and metal artifacts.
Archeologists have identified very early sewing needles of bone and ivory from about 30, BC, found near Kostenki , Russia in Scientists are still debating when people started wearing clothes. Ralf Kittler, Manfred Kayser and Mark Stoneking, anthropologists at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology , have conducted a genetic analysis of human body lice that suggests clothing originated around , years ago.
Body lice are an indicator of clothes-wearing, since most humans have sparse body hair, and lice thus require human clothing to survive. Their research suggests that the invention of clothing may have coincided with the northward migration of modern Homo sapiens away from the warm climate of Africa , thought to have begun between 50, and , years ago.
However, a second group of researchers using similar genetic methods estimate that clothing originated around , years ago. Some human cultures, such as the various peoples of the Arctic Circle , traditionally make their clothing entirely of prepared and decorated furs and skins. Other cultures supplemented or replaced leather and skins with cloth: Although modern consumers may take the production of clothing for granted, making fabric by hand is a tedious and labor-intensive process involving fiber making, spinning, and weaving.
Different cultures have evolved various ways of creating clothes out of cloth. One approach simply involves draping the cloth. The clothes may simply be tied up dhoti and sari ; or pins or belts hold the garments in place kilt and sarong. The cloth remains uncut, and people of various sizes can wear the garment. Another approach involves measuring, cutting, and sewing the cloth by hand or with a sewing machine. Clothing can be cut from a sewing pattern and adjusted by a tailor to the wearer's measurements.
An adjustable sewing mannequin or dress form is used to create form-fitting clothing. If the fabric is expensive, the tailor tries to use every bit of the cloth rectangle in constructing the clothing; perhaps cutting triangular pieces from one corner of the cloth, and adding them elsewhere as gussets. Traditional European patterns for men's shirts and women's chemises take this approach.
These remnants can also be reused to make patchwork hats, vests, and skirts. Modern European fashion treats cloth much less conservatively, typically cutting in such a way as to leave various odd-shaped cloth remnants. Industrial sewing operations sell these as waste; home sewers may turn them into quilts. In the thousands of years that humans have been making clothing, they have created an astonishing array of styles, many of which have been reconstructed from surviving garments, photos , paintings , mosaics , etc.
Costume history can inspire current fashion designers , as well as costumiers for plays , films , television , and historical reenactment. The mechanization of the textile industry made many varieties of cloth widely available at affordable prices.
Styles have changed, and the availability of synthetic fabrics has changed the definition of "stylish". In the latter half of the 20th century, blue jeans became very popular, and are now worn to events that normally demand formal attire. Activewear has also become a large and growing market. Jeans in the Western dress code are worn by both men and women. There are several unique styles of jeans found which include: The licensing of designer names was pioneered by designers like Pierre Cardin in the s and has been a common practice within the fashion industry from about the s.
By the early years of the 21st century, western clothing styles had, to some extent, become international styles. This process began hundreds of years earlier, during the periods of European colonialism. The process of cultural dissemination has perpetuated over the centuries as Western media corporations have penetrated markets throughout the world, spreading Western culture and styles.
Fast fashion clothing has also become a global phenomenon. These garments are less expensive, mass-produced Western clothing. Donated used clothing from Western countries are also delivered to people in poor countries by charity organizations. People may wear ethnic or national dress on special occasions or in certain roles or occupations. For example, most Korean men and women have adopted Western-style dress for daily wear, but still wear traditional hanboks on special occasions, like weddings and cultural holidays.
Items of Western dress may also appear worn or accessorized in distinctive, non-Western ways. A Tongan man may combine a used T-shirt with a Tongan wrapped skirt, or tupenu. Most sports and physical activities are practiced wearing special clothing, for practical, comfort or safety reasons.
Common sportswear garments include shorts , T-shirts , tennis shirts , leotards , tracksuits , and trainers. Specialized garments include wet suits for swimming , diving or surfing , salopettes for skiing and leotards for gymnastics. Also, spandex materials are often used as base layers to soak up sweat. Paris set the fashion trends for Europe and North America Women wore dresses all day, everyday.
Day dresses had a drop waist, which was a sash or belt around the low waist or hip and a skirt that hung anywhere from the ankle on up to the knee, never above.
Daywear had sleeves long to mid-bicep and a skirt that was straight, pleaded, hank hem, or tired. Jewelry was less conspicuous. In the 21st century a diverse range of styles exist in fashion, varying by geography, exposure to modern media, economic conditions, and ranging from expensive haute couture to traditional garb, to thrift store grunge.
Fashion shows are events for designers to show off new and often extravagant designs. Although mechanization transformed most aspects of human industry by the midth century, garment workers have continued to labor under challenging conditions that demand repetitive manual labor. Mass-produced clothing is often made in what are considered by some to be sweatshops , typified by long work hours, lack of benefits, and lack of worker representation.
While most examples of such conditions are found in developing countries , clothes made in industrialized nations may also be manufactured similarly. Coalitions of NGOs , designers including Katharine Hamnett, American Apparel , Veja , Quiksilver , eVocal, and Edun and campaign groups like the Clean Clothes Campaign CCC and the Institute for Global Labour and Human Rights as well as textile and clothing trade unions have sought to improve these conditions as much as possible by sponsoring awareness-raising events, which draw the attention of both the media and the general public to the workers.
The MFA, which placed quotas on textiles imports, was deemed a protectionist measure. India for example has not ratified sections 87 and 92 of the treaty. Despite the strong reactions that "sweatshops" evoked among critics of globalization , the production of textiles has functioned as a consistent industry for developing nations providing work and wages, whether construed as exploitative or not, to many thousands of people.
The use of animal fur in clothing dates to prehistoric times. It is currently associated in developed countries with expensive, designer clothing, although fur is still used by indigenous people in arctic zones and higher elevations for its warmth and protection. Once uncontroversial, it has recently been the focus of campaigns on the grounds that campaigners consider it cruel and unnecessary. PETA , along with other animal rights and animal liberation groups have called attention to fur farming and other practices they consider cruel.
Clothing suffers assault both from within and without. The human body sheds skin cells and body oils, and exudes sweat, urine, and feces. From the outside, sun damage, moisture, abrasion, and dirt assault garments. Title of New Duplicated Quiz:. A copy of this quiz is in your dashboard. Go to My Dashboard. Removing question excerpt is a premium feature. Your personality is often a strong indicator of what type of style suits you best. For example, a woman who is soft-spoken and likes to daydream usually gravitates towards frilly pieces like lace and ruffles.
A culture-loving person tends to dress more urban and sporty than most fashionistas. Select the line with the words that best describe your personality:. Imagine you won a gift card to buy your dream outfit. Choose the line that best describes the outfit you would choose:. Slacks, long cardigan with matching skinny belt and a pair of ankle boots.
Trendy fashion leggings, latest tunic top or dress, chunky gladiator 4-inch heels. Cropped leather jacket, black skinny jeans, bold and bright colored top, studded platform shoes. It's time to update your shoe closet. You're in a shoe store. What type of shoes do you instinctively look for? Platform sandals with a chunky heel or anything that's shown under 'Newest Arrivals'.
A pair of designer sneakers ex.
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